Vet Care: Common Digestive Problems That Affect Dogs
One of the most common reasons dogs see their veterinarian is for an upset stomach. Nevertheless, not all dog gastrointestinal disorders are the same. There are numerous reasons that dogs’ stomachs/intestines are upset. Digestive problems can manifest themselves in a variety of ways. It could be very tough to establish whether or not a gastrointestinal ailment is substantial. Even minor conditions can get worse if left untreated for too long.
We’ll go through four of the most prevalent causes and treatments of digestive disorders in dogs:
Constipation is defined as the inability or infrequency of eliminating feces, which is usually dry and firm. It is a relatively frequent issue in dogs. In most cases, the problem is simple to fix; however, the situation might be dire in sicker animals. Feces grow drier and more burdensome to pass the longer they remain in the colon.
Lots of water should be provided to affected pets. Mild constipation is frequently addressed by switching to a high-fiber food, preventing the dog from ingesting bones or other items, providing readily available water, and administering suitable laxatives (usually for a short time only). If laxatives are given, they will be ideal for your pet. Laxatives made for humans can be highly hazardous to pets, particularly cats.
Canine parvovirus is a potentially fatal viral infection that primarily affects puppies and adult dogs that have not been vaccinated. In addition to vomiting and fever, the dog might experience severe or bloody diarrhea. The virus is resistant to many typical disinfectants and can survive in polluted areas for months or even years. Rush your dog to a reputable veterinary hospital if your dog shows any symptoms of parvovirus.
Infected canines should be isolated from other dogs until they have recovered. Good hygiene is also essential in preventing the spread of parvovirus. Puppies, even as young as six weeks old, can be vaccinated. All kennels, collars, bowls, and leashes should be cleaned and sterilized, and bedding discarded.
Colon inflammation (colitis) can be temporary or chronic. Colitis is characterized by very soft to watery feces. Canines with colitis struggle and appear to be in pain when defecating. They may try to use the litter box more frequently, even though their intestines are empty.
The origin of the sickness determines the treatment for colitis in dogs. A hypoallergenic or intestinal diet, for example, typically provides immediate relief. Because food intolerance can worsen colitis, veterinarians may advise an elimination diet. Your veterinary internist Concord, may suggest additional treatments to aid in healing and provide comfort.
Cancer of the Digestive System
Cancer in the digestive tract is uncommon, with stomach tumors accounting for less than 1% of all malignancies in small pets. Most gastrointestinal tumor forms have no known cause(s). Tumors of the digestive system in dogs are frequently malignant and spread to other parts of the body.
The first line of treatment for stomach cancer in pets is a surgical procedure. The damaged region of the stomach, as well as a small amount of the small intestine, is routinely removed. Most patients stay in the hospital for two nights after surgical procedures for cats & dogs; during this period, the pet animal is carefully examined for any complications.
How Veterinarians Diagnose Disorders of the Stomach/Intestine in Dogs
Diarrhea and vomiting are not diagnoses in and of themselves; instead, they are symptoms. Diagnosing a dog to give the best potential therapy takes many inquiries.
A medical diagnosis involves:
Speak to your vet regarding whether or not you should take your pet to the hospital for vomiting and diarrhea. Try to communicate as much information as possible, including a detailed description of the vomiting or diarrhea.
A thorough physical examination evaluates a dog’s temperature, pulse, heart, lungs, hydration, glands/lymph nodes, and other vital signs. This gives essential information concerning the dog’s overall health and aids in planning diagnostic tests.
Laboratory testing reveals what is taking place within a pet’s body. The following are some frequent diagnostic examinations for gastrointestinal issues in dogs:
- Blood tests
- Fecalysis for parasites check
- Food sensitivities
- Hormone analysis
- Testing for contagious diseases
There is no need to worry if a puppy is unwell; none of these tests are required simultaneously. Instead, your vet will create a specific treatment plan based on the most likely conditions that your dog is experiencing.