Periodontitis in Dogs and Cats: Four Stages

Among the veterinarians’ most widespread clinical conditions is pet dental disease, frequently known as periodontal illness. When you consider that many adult canines and cats reveal indications of the disease when they enter the age of three, this is not a surprise. Animal oral health problems can lead to discomfort, tooth loss, infection, and damage to vital organs if left untreated. So, what are the stages of it?

What Are Pets’ Gum Disease Stages?

Plaque film and tartar (hard plaque) build up on the teeth above and below the periodontal line, causing periodontal illness in animals. Unattended periodontal disease can result in considerable pain, oral infection, bone and tooth loss, and systemic harm. Oral health problems in pets can be categorized into four stages:

1. Gingivitis Stage

Gingivitis, an inflammation of the periodontal caused by the appearance of tartar and microorganisms, indicates this onset. You may notice some swelling in your periodontal. A faint red line on the gum tissues close to the teeth may be apparent throughout this stage. This build-up aggravates the gum cells and encourages bacteria to grow. 

It causes damage to the teeth’s supporting cells, including the gums and the coarse connective cells that join the roots of the animals’ teeth to the bordering alveolar bone. If you need some ideas that will surely help your pets recover from dental illness, you can check out here.

2. Early Periodontitis Stage

This stage happens when a minor degree of bone loss is seen on dental radiographs, less than 25%. You may observe periodontal inflammation, poor breath, and visible plaque and tartar on your animal’s teeth. Your animal will call for professional cleaning at this phase to remove all plaque and tartar and hinder the development of dental illness. A veterinarian must be contacted right away if your pet’s teeth require vet surgery due to a dental condition.

3. Modest Periodontitis Stage

Stage three of mild periodontitis brings about severe dental damage, with 25 percent to 50 percent bone loss seen on oral radiographs. Gums will be swollen and irritable and possibly bleed a lot. Gum pockets are formed when the periodontal connection to the tooth is lost. Your animal may likewise have foul breath and be in a lot of pain, and unhealthy and/or broken teeth will certainly need to be extracted.

Brushing your pet’s teeth in your home is also an important element of their continuous oral health regimen. It just takes a minute a day. Your vet will certainly be pleased to show you how to brush your pet’s teeth properly. A vet facility like Orange Animal Hospital can attend to any inquiries you might have concerning the dental disease. As required, brushing your pet daily, routine examinations, and dental cleanings will certainly help your animal live a healthier and extra comfortable life.

4. Chronic Periodontitis Stage

In severe periodontitis’s fourth and final stage, 50% or more bone loss is seen on oral radiographs. This indicates severe, chronic gum disease. This occurs when bacteria from your animal’s mouth get in the bloodstream and spread throughout the body. Your pet is in danger of losing many teeth, systemic infections, and damaging internal organs. Your pet’s annual wellness visit should include a dental examination. 

Your veterinarian can determine the next stage in your animal’s oral care. A specialist can determine this after a comprehensive evaluation of their mouth and after you report any signs or issues you’ve discovered. To safeguard the wellness of their teeth and deal with any problems brought on by gum disease, many pets require regular cleanings conducted while they are under general anesthetic.